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Generality of Rome

Cartina Lazio Roma Population. The population of Italy is estimated in about 59.000.000. Rome is the most populated city in Italy. We must note that the real populations of these cities is little higher due to the illegal immigrant population. Rome (2,900,000), Milan (1,500,000), Naples (1,200,000), Turin (1,100,000), Palermo (750,000) and Genoa (750,000).

Orientation Rome is located in the middle of the west coast of Italy (about thirty kilometres from the coast) and the Tiber (Tevere) river accross the heart of the city. Rome is a quite compact city and it is circled by a ring of roads far about ten kilometres from historical centre of Rome. In the the south east zone of the towns we found Castelli Romani where many people live for the low cost of living; from here the romans commute to Rome each day for working. To the south west of Rome we'll find the principal airport Leonardo da Vinci (zone of Fiumicino) and the sea. Also the Rome's second airport is Ciampino and is located to the south west of the city, just beyond the ring road.
The Historical Centre is surrounded by the old city walls (built about 2000 years ago). The Historical Centre starts from Termini in the east and arrives to The Vatican in the west, starts to the Colosseo in the south and finishes to Flaminio in the north. Piazza Venezia is considered the heart of the historical center of Rome. Most of people tour the city on foot because the Historical Centre is less than five kilometres and becouse the majority of the touristic sites of Rome are contained within the Historical Centre.
Most new arrivals to Rome will end up at Termini Railway Station; this is the terminus for all national and international trains. You'll find tha main city bus station in Piazza dei Cinquecento, in front of Stazione Termini. Many inter city buses depart and arrive at Piazzale Tiburtina, accessible from Termini on the Metropolitana Linea B.
There are two underground railway lines which make up Rome's Metropolitana. There is Linea A (red line) and the blue line (Linea B).

Climate. Rome has a typical mediterranean temperature; hot dry summers and moderate winters for the near sea. During the summer is very hot and most of Roman go out of Roma for the vacations. In winter time the temperatures rarely drop below five degrees but when it rains it can rain for many days.

Speak Italian. Most Italians in Rome speak at least a few words of English. So if you are going to be in Rome for few days this in no problem becouse, expecially in thee touristic areas, they can understand what you say. But if you stay in Rome for a long period (ie one year) is to your advantage to learn to speak a bit of Italian, otherwise your life in Rome is more difficult. Italian language has latin origin and it is similar to Spanish, Portugese, French and Romanian. Many words in English and Italian are similar due to the common roots of the languages being Latin. The dialect of Italian spoken in Rome is called Romano. This dialect is very similar to standard Italian.

Public Holidays.
    In Italy there are many public holidays celebrates every years.
  • New Year's Day; January 1. New Year's Day celebrates the coming of the new year; the New Years' Day party has its origin in Roman times. During the ROman EMpire infact sacrifices were offered to Janus, the two-faced Roman diety who at the same time looked back on the past and forward to the future.
  • Epiphany; January 6. Epiphany celebrates the divine manifestation of Jesus Crist to the Magi. They started their journey on Christmas Day when Jesus was born and arrived in Jerusalem 12 days later; on January 6.
  • Easter; Easter is the first Sunday after the full moon that occurs after March 21. Easter commemorates the crucifixtion of Jesus and his resurrection.
  • Easter Monday; Easter Monday is the day after Easter.
  • Liberation Day; April 25. Remember the liberation of Italy from the fascism.
  • Labour Day; May 1. This celebrates the labour of the workers.
  • Assumption Day; Auguast 15. Celebrates the bodily taking up into heaven of the Virgin Mary after her death.
  • All Saints Day; November 1. All Saints Day is the day of celebration of all saints.
  • Feast of the Immaculate Conception; December 8.
  • Christmas Day; December 25. Christmas Day celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ.
  • Feast of Saint Stefano; December 26.
Business Hours. The hours which shops in Rome are open can be seem quite strange for people new to Rome. Many shops don't have a sign indicating when they are open or when they close and in somedays they can open earlier than others. We give some general indications about when the shops are likely to be open.
  • Supermarket. From Monday to Saturday from 09:00 a.m. to 07.30 p.m.
  • Post Office. Always open from Monday to Friday, from 9.00 a.m. to 06.00 p.m., some are open pn Saturday morning too.
  • The Vatican post office. Is open from 9.00 a.m. to 07.00 p.m. from Monday to Saturday.
  • Government department. Monday to Friday from 09.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m.
  • Many shops are open on Monday mornings.
  • Bars. From Monday to Saturday, from 7.30 a.m. to 10.00 p.m. Some bars are open on Sunday too.
  • Restaurants. Usually every days of the week from 12:00 to 15:30 and 19:30 to 24:00. Sometimes the restaurants have a closing day, and some restaurants are closed on Monday or Tuesday.
  • Museum and Art Galleries. The times vary enormously for museums and art galleries in Rome. We suggest to phone to the museum or art gallery (or visit the website Rome Museums) you'll plan to visit.
  • Churches. From Monday to Sunday from 9:00 to 12:00 and from 16:30 to 19:00.
  • Banks. From Monday to Friday from 8:30 to 13:30 and from 14:30 to 16:00.
  • Small corner store. Monday to Friday from 9:00 or 10:00 to 13:00 or 14:00 and from 15:30 or 17:00 to 19:30. Saturday from 10:00 to 12:00.
  • Clothing and shoes shops. Are often open on Saturday afternoon and evening.
The Rules for Drive in Rome. The first rule is that often there are no rules. Every rule can be broken at the driver's discretion. In Rome the road system is really complicated, but you oftem must drive at maximum acceleration otherwise the other drives pass you from every place! If you see someone using an indicator this means that the person in the car is indicating to you that they are about to do something ridiculous.
Parking. You can park anywhere - absolutely anywhere. Double parking. Triple parking. Block off a street... Do not park your car outside the Jewish Synagog in Rome in the middle of the night to ask the Carabinieri for directions. As you get out your car they will unload their submachine guns into you. If the place you are about to park you car is just so crazy put you hazard lights on. You are not allowed to run over Roman pedestrians, or people doing a good enough imitation of a Roman pedestrian. Anyone who hesitates for a second before walking through high speed, multi-lane, peak hour traffic is obviously a tourist and can be run over at will.

Newspapers and Magazines. There are many newspapers and magazines available in Rome. Below we remember a list of the principal of them.
  • Corriere della Sera. The Corriere della Sera is a Milan based newspaper. There are job advertisements in Friday's edition, some of which are for jobs in Rome.
  • Il Messaggero. Rome based newspaper.
  • La Repubblica. Rome based newspaper.
  • La Sole 24 Ore. La Sole 24 Ore is Italy's financial paper.
  • Porta Portese Porta Portese is the buying and selling newspaper of Rome. As well as being able to buy and sell anything through this newspaper, you will be able to find apartments for rent and job advertisements. There are two editions of Porta Portese per week, Tuesday and Friday. Placing a small advertisement in Porta Portese is free.
  • Rome c'. Rome c' is an entertainment guide for Rome. A small section of Rome c' is in English.
  • Corriere dello Sport. Corriere dello Sport is contains articles about sport.
  • La Gazzetta dello Sport.
  • Wanted in Rome. Wanted in Rome is an English language magazine for people living in Rome.
  • Time Out, Roma. This is a guide to everything in Rome. It comes out once a year and is available in Italian and English.
In Rome you can also find the most important newspapers and magazines of your country.
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